Sex inequality in Wales
The 2011 census data1 shows that there are 3,063,500 individuals living in Wales.
1,504,400 of these were male and 1,559,100 were female. Therefore there are approximately 54,700 more women than men in Wales2.
Government statistics for 2013 puts the number of individuals of working age at 361,000. 185,300 were male and 175,700 were female3.
The pay gap between men and women in Wales is less than elsewhere in the UK according to the 2011 "How Fair is Wales? Equality, human rights and good relations report" by The Equality and Human Rights Commission4.
However, this study still showed that in Wales, women working full time earned a median hourly wage 8% lower than the median hourly wage for a man working full time. In real terms this means that the median hourly wage for men in wales was £11.65, whereas the Women’s median hourly pay is £10.72.
The median pay gap was 10.5% throughout the rest of the UK5. The reason that the pay gap is smaller in Wales is considered to be the lower full time median wage earned by men in Wales compared to the rest of the UK6.
Know your rights
Unlawful sex discrimination happens when someone is treated unfairly because of their gender. Women, men and transsexual people can all experience sex discrimination.
Sex discrimination also includes treating someone less favourably because they are married or in a civil partnership: for example, by not hiring married women.
Sex equality does not imply that women and men are the same, but that they have equal value and should be accorded equal treatment.
The denial of women’s basic human rights is a major cause of poverty.
Women often have less recourse than men to legal recognition and protection, as well as lower access to public knowledge and information, and less decision-making power both within and outside the home. Women in many parts of the world frequently have little control over fertility, sexuality and marital choices.
This systematic discrimination reduces women’s public participation, often increases their vulnerability to poverty, violence and HIV, and results in women representing a disproportionate percentage of the poor population of the world.
Sex equality gives women and men the same entitlements to all aspects of human development, including economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights; the same level of respect; the same opportunities to make choices; and the same level of power to shape the outcomes of these choices
The Equality Act 2010 provides rights under sex discrimination at work, in education, as a consumer and in public services.
- Cardiff Council. 2011 Census First Release. http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/content.asp?nav=2872,3256,6503,6646&parent_directory_id=2865
- Office for National Statistics. 2011 Census - Population and Household Estimates for Wales, March 2011. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/population-and-household-estimates-for-wales/stb-2011-census-wales.html#tab-How-the-population-of-Wales-has-changed-over-the-last-100-years
- StatsWales. Annual labour market summary (16 or over) by Welsh local area and economic activity status. https://statswales.wales.gov.uk/Catalogue/Business-Economy-and-Labour-Market/People-and-Work/Labour-Market-Summary/AnnualLabourMarketSummary16OrOver-by-WelshLocalAreas-EconomicActivityStatus
- Equality and Human Rights Commission. How fair is Wales? Equality, human rights and good relations March 2011. http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/wales/library/how-fair-is-wales/
- Office for National Statistics. Earnings (based on SOC 2010). http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/ashe/annual-survey-of-hours-and-earnings/2011-provisional-results--soc-2010-/stb---ashe-results-2011--soc-2010-.html
- Equality and Human Rights Commission. How fair is Britain? Employment. http://www.equalityhumanrights.com/key-projects/how-fair-is-britain/online-summary/employment/
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